What kind of driver are you?
Characteristics of accident-free drivers
They trust other drivers
Because the road is where many people drive in a limited space, it is important to refrain from selfish actions and try to consider others. The first step required to prevent traffic accidents is mutual trust among drivers.
They are predictable
The importance of effective communication on the road cannot be overstated. To be accident-free, you should strive to signal your intention in an unequivocal manner so that other drivers can accurately predict your moves.
They avoid distraction
Safe driving requires a high level of focus to recognize possible danger, make sound judgement and adequately control a vehicle. Thus, it is imperative to avoid distraction such as cellular phone use, smoking, television watching or excessive chatting with others.
They are prudent
There are countless impulsive and possibly fatal choices drivers can make: such as speeding late at night because "traffic is light" or "there is no traffic officer" in sight, improper passing on a curve because "the vehicle in front is too slow," or even drunk driving because you "had only a couple of drinks and home is just right around the corner." Drivers must refuse to make such choices and drive with prudence.
Characteristics of accident-prone drivers
They lack the will to comply with traffic regulations
When you seek only what is convenient, you are prone to think that it is ok to bend some rules because no one is watching, or intentionally violate regulations. Such attitudes, of course, are most likely to lead to traffic accidents.
They cannot control their emotions
Safe driving requires, among other things, the ability to control your emotions. Because accident-prone drivers are subject to drastic emotional changes, they tend to be overly sensitive and aggressive in regard to the actions of other drivers. For example, if a vehicle suddenly cuts them off, they try to retaliate. They are also liable to impatiently honk when the vehicle in front fails to move as soon as the light changes.
Characteristics of elderly drivers
Elderly drivers and traffic accidents
The number of traffic accidents involving elderly drivers over 65 has quadrupled over a decade: from 2,743 in 1999, accounting for 1.1% of the total, to 10,132 in 2008, constituting 4.7% of the total. Among the 2008 traffic accidents implicating elderly drivers, the numbers of death and the injured were 559 and 15,009, respectively accounting for 9.5% of all deaths and 4.4% of all injured. The fatality rate in traffic accidents with elderly drivers was 5.5%, double the overall fatality rate, 2.7%.
Behavioral characteristics of elderly drivers
Most elderly drivers are capable of stable driving based on their long experiences with vehicles. However, the deteriorating mental, physical and physiological abilities, such as vision, hearing, memory, focus and judgement, directly impedes their driving.
They are slower to acquire information
Because of the aging of physical functions (sensory organs), elderly drivers are more likely to feel fatigued. Also their stamina runs out faster as they drive for an extended period of time, which significantly decreases their ability to recognize crucial visual information including safety signs, traffic lights, road conditions, and other vehicles.
They are less adept in responding to dangerous situations
When elderly drivers face sudden danger, they are more likely to be slow to brake because of their deteriorating hand-eye coordination, or panic, thereby making wrong decisions.